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The Role of a Midwife During Pregnancy – DrSwatiAttam

Taking care of a mother and her child during pregnancy is very important. If you take good care during pregnancy, it will ensure the health of both you and your child. So, good prenatal care includes regular check-ups and screenings. You can learn about any potential risks or complications early on because of prenatal care. Now, you may wonder what role a midwife plays in prenatal care. A midwife is also a healthcare provider. Hence, she will help you and assist you throughout your pregnancy.

A midwife will guide you through your pregnancy as well as childbirth. The role of a midwife extends to the care of a newborn and your postpartum health. You can even say that the role of a midwife extends beyond medical intervention. Midwives will provide you with holistic support and personalized care. So, let’s understand in depth what a midwife is and the role of a midwife during pregnancy. 

What Is a Midwife?

Let’s first understand what is a midwife. A midwife is a special kind of healthcare provider who helps women during pregnancy, childbirth, and after birth. You can think of them as pregnancy experts who help make sure everything goes smoothly.

During pregnancy, a midwife checks on the health of the mother and baby. They measure the mother’s belly to see how the baby is growing and listen to the baby’s heartbeat. They also advise on healthy eating, exercise, and what to expect during labor.

When the baby is due, midwives are there to help. They support the mother during labor and delivery, making sure she’s comfortable and safe. Midwives can also help with different birthing options, like giving birth in a hospital, at home, or in a birthing center.

After the baby is born, midwives continue to care for both the mom and the baby. They help with breastfeeding, check on the baby’s health, and make sure the mom is recovering well from giving birth. In totality, a midwife plays an important role in pregnancy for first-time mothers. Not only for first-time mothers, but they can also be helpful for second or third-time pregnant women. 

What Is the Role of a Midwife in Pregnancy?

Let’s now look at the role of a midwife in the whole pregnancy journey of women and beyond. 

1) Before Delivery

Before the delivery of the child, the midwife plays an important role in the prenatal care. For mothers who are expecting a child for the first time, this phase remains unknown and full of surprises. Many things occur for the first time with the woman, so she may get confused and tremble as to what to do. A trained midwife takes care of the woman in these instances. Moreover, a midwife also takes care of the baby inside the womb to make sure that the growth of the baby is normal and there’s nothing suspicious.

Many times, some signs tell that the baby is not in good condition. So, if these signs are recognized at the right time, any serious issue in the future can be ignored with the doctor’s attention. So, it’s a very crucial function of a midwife. 

All the regular checkups and doctor visits are also taken care of by the midwife, who also has the role of the nurse in antenatal care. Additionally, a key role of a midwife is to educate the mother about pregnancy and childbirth, as we all know that natural delivery is the best way to give birth. However, it requires a lot of preparation to make natural delivery easier for the mother and the child. A midwife guides the mother with the diet selection, exercises, etc, to increase the chances of vaginal delivery. They also tell the mother about pain management techniques, which are always helpful during natural childbirth. 

2) During Delivery

As the day of delivery arrives, the role of the midwife becomes more crucial. At this point, the mothers mostly are in a state where they don’t understand anything. So, the midwife guides the mother with their labor. They closely monitor the labor and give emotional support to the mother. They recall the pain management techniques to the mother so that the mother feels less pain during the delivery. 

Once the mother gives birth to the child, the midwife takes care of the child as well and takes the child to the mother for breastfeeding if allowed by the doctor. Mostly, in the case of natural childbirths, the mother can almost instantly feed her breast milk to her child. So, the midwife guides the mother on how to hold and feed the child. 

3) After Delivery

After the delivery of the child when all the surgical and medical procedures end, the role of the midwife remains. They have to provide emotional support to the mother and take care of the baby for a few days as the mother has to recover. The midwife also takes the mother to the clinical visit to track the postpartum recovery. She actively helps the mother to recover faster and start exercising. 

Also, there are many things that the mother should know about the upbringing of the child. For example, how to give a bath to the child, how to deal with common issues like constant crying, how to make the child sleep properly, etc. All these things are taught to the mother by the midwife.


Midwives play an important role in the journey of a mother in bringing her child to this worth. The whole process has a lot of things that can affect the child and the mother. So, all these things must be done properly. The midwife takes care that the mother doesn’t do anything wrong, which may complicate the birth of the child. Also, the first few days after the delivery require immense care of the baby. However, since the mother also goes through her recovery, this care may get neglected. But when you have a midwife, then there’s nothing to worry about. 

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